Frequently Asked Questions: Fiber to the Home


Fiber to the Home (FTTH) refers to fiber optic cable that replaces the traditional wire to your home or business. Until recently, fiber optic networks had been used primarily in the medical and engineering sectors. With the advancement of fiber technology and increasing consumer bandwidth demand, FTTH has become the best option for providing phone, digital TV, Internet and other applications.

Fiber optics uses laser pulses to transmit billions of bits of data per second through strands of glass. These glass strands are so pure that the light emitted by a burning candle can be viewed 7 miles away! These light pulses transport electronic data up to 900 megabits per second. That’s more than 100 times faster than traditional, non-fiber methods. The light pulses are converted to electronic signals via optical network terminals and distributed throughout the home as phone service, digital TV and Internet.

One word: Bandwidth. Current and developing technologies that people enjoy in their homes today require a lot of two-way data transfer. Examples include high-definition television, streaming video, online gaming, smart devices and video surveillance – all of which require increasing amounts of bandwidth. These bandwidth requirements also increase in direct correlation to the number of users enjoying the services. Data transfer can be compared to traffic on a busy highway. As the traffic increases, movement slows and bottlenecks occur. To alleviate the congestion, larger, more efficient highways are developed and implemented. Fiber to the Home represents this new, faster and more efficient data highway.

  • Faster connection speeds, downstream/upstream transmission and carrying capacity.
  • More bandwidth and flexibility than other options at a similar price, making it more cost effective for current and developing applications.
  • Highest quality connection.
  • Fiber networks can connect to existing telephone lines and coax cable within the home.
  • Most fiber networks reside underground, providing maximum stability.
  • Can manage bandwidth requirements from current, developing and future technologies.
  • Increases neighborhood and home values.
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